The native home of the Chow Chow is China, particularly the northern portion, in which country it has been bred for a great number of years. No specific data are available regarding the breed’s origin, but from the general characteristics exhibited by representative individuals today it is practically certain that the ancestry traces back to dogs of the Arctic, particularly the Esquimaux.
Colors accepted by the Chow Chow Club for the breed are black, red, yellow, blue, white, etc- Individuals must be whole or self-colored, with the exception that the under portions of the tail and back of the thighs may be lighter in shade than the predominating color.
No definite height and weight standards for the breed have been adopted in this country, but, the more desirable males stand about 20 inches at the shoulder and weigh from 55 to 60 pounds. Females usually measure an inch less than males and weigh from 50 -55 pounds.
Chow Chows in appearance are lively, compact, muscular, short coupled individuals whose utility lies chiefly in their value as companion and watchdogs. Peculiar characteristics of the breed ar blue-black tongues, almond-shaped eyes, cobby bodies, catlike feet, straight hocks, strong bone, and an inscrutable, oriental appearance.
The breed is often spoken of as “one man” in nature, for Chow Chows are notably loyal and devoted to their masters. Individuals may be either rough coated or smooth coated, the former type being by far the more popular in this country. The Chow Chow enjoys considerable popularity in the United States and is generally well represented at the leading bench shows.