Out of all the different breeds of dogs, Pomeranians have a special place in my heart. They are fun-loving, energetic, sweet-natured dogs, but have a tendency to be only loyal, protective and responsive to their “owner”. They have great intelligence, tons of personality, and are often the center of attention. Pomeranians tend to be overly courageous, even to a fault, and don’t seem to recognize they are a small dog. In this article, it lists Pomeranian breed standards by the American Kennel Club, even though they are highly irrelevant to many of us that enjoy Pomeranians, simply for their fantastic personality and companionship.
The Pomeranian is a high energy little dog, that looks very much like a fox. They have a soft, thick undercoat and a profuse, harsher textured out coat, with a thick plumed tail that curls up and around towards his back. Pomeranians tend to have high self confidence, and be intensely curious of surroundings. They are alert, intelligent, animated, demanding, oftentimes with a cocky attitude.
Size, Proportion, Substance:
For show Pomeranians, the breed standard for weight is 3 – 7 pounds. If your dog weighs less or more, you’ll probably never be accepted to a dog show. The Pomeranian is medium boned and the length of his legs is in proportion to his well-balanced overall frame.
The head must be in balance with the body. The muzzle of the Pomeranian is short, straight, fine and never snippy. His expression is alert. The skull is closed. The top of the skull is slightly rounded. The ears are small and mounted high. The ears are carried erect. The eyes are almond shaped, dark, bright and medium in size. The eyes are set well into the head. The Pomeranian has black pigmentation on the nose and around the eyes.
It’s considered a major fault, if your Pomeranian has an under or over bite. The teeth need to meet together in a scissors bite.
Neck, Topline, Body:
The Pomeranian has a short neck well set into the shoulders. The head is carried high. The topline is level and the back is short. The Pomeranian has a compact. Well-ribbed brisket which reaches the elbow. One of the characteristics of the breed is the plumed tail, which lies flat and straight on the back.
The shoulders and legs are moderately muscular. The shoulder blade and the upper arm are equal in length. The forelegs are straight and parallel. The pasterns are straight and strong. The feet are arched, compact and straight. Dewclaws may be removed.
Down in pasterns
The hindquarters are angled in such a way as to balance out the forequarters. The Pomeranian’s buttocks are well behind the tail. The thighs are moderately muscled with stifles that are moderately bent and well defined. The hocks are set perpendicularly to the ground. The legs are straight.
Lack of soundness in hind legs or stifles
The Pomeranians gait is smooth and free. His gait is balanced and vigorous. He has a good reach with his forequarters and strong drive with the hindquarters.
The Pomeranians coat is its glory. The undercoat is thick and fluffy; the top coat is long and straight.
The American Kennel Club recognizes 13 colors and color combinations in Pomeranians.
Pomeranians are high energy and lovable. One thing I wanted to address, is the misconception that Pomeranians are “yippy” dogs. I’ve yet to meet one that’s like that, and suspect it probably has a lot to do with how you raise them.
If you get a Pomeranian, keep in mind that your dog will need regular grooming. Not as much as many other breeds, at least, they will rarely need a haircut. However, they do have a thick undercoat that will require brushing about three times a week with a metal wire brush. A few advantages of this breed — they are rated as the 23rd most intelligent dog breed out of 79. Reportedly, they are much easier to house train than most other breeds, which does seem to be the case in my experience. They are suitable for people living in apartments and those with limited space for a pet, and have a life expectancy of at least 15 to 16 years.